The Retry middleware automatically retries requests that fail due to intermittent client or server errors (such as network hiccups). By default, it retries 2 times and handles only timeout exceptions. It can be configured with an arbitrary number of retries, a list of exceptions to handle, a retry interval, a percentage of randomness to add to the retry interval, and a backoff factor. The middleware can also handle the Retry-After header automatically when configured with the right status codes (see below for an example).

Example Usage

This example will result in a first interval that is random between 0.05 and 0.075 and a second interval that is random between 0.1 and 0.15.

retry_options = {
  max: 2,
  interval: 0.05,
  interval_randomness: 0.5,
  backoff_factor: 2

conn = do |f|
  f.request :retry, retry_options


Control when the middleware will retry requests

By default, the Retry middleware will only retry idempotent methods and the most common network-related exceptions. You can change this behaviour by providing the right option when adding the middleware to your connection.

Specify which methods will be retried

You can provide a methods option with a list of HTTP methods. This will replace the default list of HTTP methods: delete, get, head, options, put.

retry_options = {
  methods: %i[get post]

Specify which exceptions should trigger a retry

You can provide an exceptions option with a list of exceptions that will replace the default list of network-related exceptions: Errno::ETIMEDOUT, Timeout::Error, Faraday::TimeoutError. This can be particularly useful when combined with the RaiseError middleware.

retry_options = {
  exceptions: [Faraday::ResourceNotFound, Faraday::UnauthorizedError]

Specify on which response statuses to retry

By default the Retry middleware will only retry the request if one of the expected exceptions arise. However, you can specify a list of HTTP statuses you’d like to be retried. When you do so, the middleware will check the response status code and will retry the request if included in the list.

retry_options = {
  retry_statuses: [401, 409]

Automatically handle the Retry-After header

Some APIs, like the Slack API, will inform you when you reach their API limits by replying with a response status code of 429 and a response header of Retry-After containing a time in seconds. You should then only retry querying after the amount of time provided by the Retry-After header, otherwise you won’t get a response.

You can automatically handle this and have Faraday pause and retry for the right amount of time by including the 429 status code in the retry statuses list:

retry_options = {
  retry_statuses: [429]

Specify a custom retry logic

You can also specify a custom retry logic with the retry_if option. This option accepts a block that will receive the env object and the exception raised and should decide if the code should retry still the action or not independent of the retry count. This would be useful if the exception produced is non-recoverable or if the the HTTP method called is not idempotent.

NOTE: this option will only be used for methods that are not included in the methods option. If you want this to apply to all HTTP methods, pass methods: [] as an additional option.

# Retries the request if response contains { success: false }
retry_options = {
  retry_if: -> (env, _exc) { env.body[:success] == 'false' }

Call a block on every retry

You can specify a block through the retry_block option that will be called every time the request is retried. There are many different applications for this feature, spacing from instrumentation to monitoring. Request environment, middleware options, current number of retries and the exception is passed to the block as parameters. For example, you might want to keep track of the response statuses:

response_statuses = []
retry_options = {
  retry_block: -> (env, options, retries, exc) { response_statuses << env.status }